Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts

Friday, 29 August 2014

best know cure for ebola virus disease,PREVENTION!

   Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a tropical disease that first occurred in African Regions of Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in the year 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, in Nzara(Sudan) Yambuku Village of Democratic Republic of Congo.

Sunday, 17 August 2014

US declares Ebola drug pesticide, dashes hope for cure of victims

HOPES of immediate relief for victims of the Ebola Virus Disease following reports that doses of an experimental  drug,  nano-silver, had been delivered were dimmed yesterday. The United States Food and Drug Administration said the drug is a pesticide and warned those claiming that it could prevent or treat Ebola to desist from doing so.

Tuesday, 12 August 2014

Ebola Virus Disease: Spanish priest infected in Liberia dies in Madrid Spain

A SPANISH missionary who contracted the Ebola virus while working in West Africa has died in hospital in Madrid.

More than 1,000 people have died in Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Nigeria since the outbreak was first reported in February.
Miguel Pajares, 75, was airlifted back to Spain from Liberia last week with a nun who tested negative for the virus.

For the past few days he had been treated with an untested, experimental drug, Zmapp.
A World Health Organization (WHO) panel in Geneva has meanwhile approved the ethics of using ZMapp.

According to the Reuters news agency, the panel said it was ethical to combat the Ebola outbreak by offering drugs or vaccines whose side-effects and efficacy had yet to be proven.
The priest was part of a Catholic order at St Joseph's hospital in the Liberian capital, Monrovia.
The hospital has now been closed because of the outbreak.
A Congolese nun died there on Saturday, days after its director, Patrick Nshamdze, also died.(Ngrguardiannews.com)

Airort Passenger collapses, dies at Lagos MMIA

Lagos — An intending passenger collapsed and died yesterday while waiting to collect the Yellow Card from Port Health officials at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, MMIA, Lagos.

This happened when the new Minister of Aviation, Mr Osita Chidoka, was on facility tour of the airport. It’s the minister’s first official visit to Lagos since assuming office.
The dead man, Akunne Osei, Vanguard gathered, was a Nigerian who resided in Accra. He arrived Lagos for business transactions aboard an Arik Air flight on Friday, August 8, 2014 and was on his way back to Accra for medical treatment.
Speaking on the death of the passenger, General Manager, Corporate Communication, Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria, FAAN, Mr Yakubu Dati, said: “The passenger, Mr. Akunne Osei, took ill on Saturday, August 9 and started stooling. When the situation got worse, he called his doctor in Accra who instructed him to return to Ghana immediately for further treatment.
“During boarding formalities for his return trip to Accra, at the MMIA, Mr. Osei, who had become weak was subjected to Ebola virus test by port health officials, the result of which was negative.
“No further attention was paid to him after his Ebola virus result read negative but the passenger later slumped and died around the port health office.”

The sister of the dead man was seen crying, saying:“Chike, please get up.”
The body of Osei was kept at zero car park of the airport terminal when the Minister of Aviation, Mr Osita Chidoka, visited. It is yet to be removed at press time.

All doses of experimental drug for Ebola treatment sent to West Africa

WASHINGTON (AFP) – A US company that makes an experimental drug for treating the often deadly Ebola virus said Monday it has sent all its available supplies to West Africa.
Some 961 people have died from the hemorrhagic fever in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria since March during the largest Ebola outbreak in history.
“In responding to the request received this weekend from a
West African nation, the available supply of ZMapp is exhausted,” said a statement on the Mapp Bio website.
“Any decision to use ZMapp must be made by the patients’ medical team,” it said, adding that the drug was “provided at no cost in all cases.”
The biomedical collaboration between US and Canadian researchers involves a drug that is manufactured in tobacco leaves and is hard to produce on a large scale.
The company did not reveal which nation received the doses, or how many were sent.
CNN reported that Liberia was to receive the sample doses.

The two American missionary workers who fell ill with Ebola while working in Monrovia last month were given doses of the drug.
Both have been transported to an isolation unit at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, where they are receiving continuous care.
A Spanish priest who was sickened with Ebola has also been given a dose.
The ethics of distributing experimental medications to some people but not others was the focus of a special meeting of the World Health Organization on Monday.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has repeatedly stressed that the drug’s effects are unknown, since it has not been through a process of rigorous clinical trials.
There is no medicine or vaccine for Ebola on the world market.(Vanguard)

All doses of experimental drug for Ebola treatment sent to West Africa

WASHINGTON (AFP) – A US company that makes an experimental drug for treating the often deadly Ebola virus said Monday it has sent all its available supplies to West Africa.
Some 961 people have died from the hemorrhagic fever in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria since March during the largest Ebola outbreak in history.

“In responding to the request received this weekend from a West African nation, the available supply of ZMapp is exhausted,” said a statement on the Mapp Bio website.
“Any decision to use ZMapp must be made by the patients’ medical team,” it said, adding that the drug was “provided at no cost in all cases.”

Monday, 11 August 2014

Ebola: Catholic Church adopts new measures

Abuja –  The Catholic Archdiocese of Abuja on Sunday announced new procedures for worshippers at Masses to check likely spread of the Ebola virus.
The procedures which include the administration of the Holy Communion on the palm of the faithful as against placing it on the tongue of the recipient, was announced by Rev. Fr. Moses Jimbili, at SS Peter and Paul Catholic Church, Nyanya.

Thursday, 7 August 2014

Saudi Arabia suspends hajj visas for West Africa

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia yesterday suspended pilgrimage visas from West African countries following the death of a patient in Jeddah who was suspected to be infected with Ebola Virus Disease after he went on a business trip to Sierra Leone.

Tuesday, 5 August 2014

Nigerian female doctor tests positive to Ebola

Men clean their shop in Monrovia where offices were closed for disinfection against the epidemic of the haemorrhagic fever Ebola on August 1, 2014. The head of the World Health Organization and presidents of the west African countries suffering the world’s worst-ever Ebola outbreak meet in Guinea today to launch a $100 million (75 million euros) emergency joint response plan. AFP PHOTO
ABUJA—The Federal Government has confirmed the first case of Ebola Virus Disease in a Nigerian medical doctor, who was among the people that had the first contact with Mr. Patrick Sawyer, the deceased Liberian and first confirmed Ebola victim in the country.

Late Sawyer, a consultant to the Liberian Finance Ministry was found to be infected with the virus when he arrived Lagos on July 20, 2014. He died in quarantine on July 25 and his body was later cremated.

Disclosing the development to newsmen in Abuja, yesterday, Minister of Health, Prof. Onyebuchi Chukwu said the new case was as a result of contact the said doctor had with Sawyer at the Lagos hospital, where the Liberian was admitted after he was brought in from the airport.

Also speaking, Lagos State Commissioner for Health, Dr. Jide Idris, accompanied by the Director, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, Prof. Abdulsalam Nasidi, confirmed that it would be the second reported case of the virus in Nigeria in general and Lagos in particular.
Chukwu, who was inaugurating the Treatment Research Group Committee on Ebola Virus Disease, disclosed: “When we met last week, I told you that we were still monitoring some of the healthcare workers and passengers who came in contact with the American-Liberian who brought in Ebola to Nigeria. There were others who attended to him; some have developed symptoms of Ebola.
As of today, we now have a case; this is the second case of Ebola virus in Nigeria. This is the doctor who attended to the Ebola patient in the Lagos hospital.”

Monitoring

Further, he said:  “Three others are under watch; at the end of today (yesterday) we will know the outcome. Eight of those who had contact with Mr. Sawyer have been quarantined, while 70 of those who had contact with the patient are on surveillance.
”All of these persons are being quarantined in Lagos, where the Lagos State Government has provided isolation wards.”
The minister said beyond Lagos State, the Federal Government was working with each state to strengthen isolation wards and emergency coordination of health workforce on Ebola around the borders.
He noted that places like Idiroko and Seme borders have received new directives and equipment to screen persons entering the country without having contact with such persons.
On the aspect of bringing in corpses from Ebola -endemic countries for burial in Nigeria, Chukwu said the Federal Government’s order banning any airline or family members from bringing dead persons from  Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone was still in force.
”In the case of Imo State, we have carried out the investigation and found out that there is a death certificate and it was not an Ebola case, so we have asked the Commissioner for Health in Imo State to go on with the burial of the person. But for Anambra State and Akwa Ibom states, investigation is still going on. They are still under watch,” he said.

Warning on false cures
Chukwu, who disapproved of the panic being created on social media platforms, contended that contrary to widely-held opinion on social media that Bitter Kola was a suitable cure and as well prevents infection by Ebola virus, the minister stressed that there was no scientific evidence that the use of Bitter Kola cures or prevents Ebola infections.
”There is no proof yet,” he affirmed, noting that such claims emanated from previous “in-vitro research, which is in a test-tube (ongoing) where the samples were obtained from Bitter Kola, and tend to have some activities against Ebola.

Committee on EVD
On the way forward, the Federal Government has inaugurated the Treatment Research  Committee on Ebola Virus Disease.
Inaugurating the committee, Chukwu observed that Nigeria must get serious in the area of research as a strategic way of curtailing the spread of the virus.
The committee has the Director-General of the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Research and Development NIPRD, Prof. Karniyus Gamaliel and the Director-General of the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, NIMR, Prof. Innocent Ujah as co-Chairmen Former Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC, Prof. Maurice Iwu is a member. Others include Prof. Abdulsalam Nasidi of the National Centre for Disease Control, NCDC,  Dr Sani Gwarzo of the Port Health Services,  Director of Public Health, Federal Ministry of Health, Dr. Bridget Okoeguela and Director of Health Planning and Research, Mrs. Asa Ogu. The terms of reference of the committee include coordination of research on treatment and prevention of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD); receive and verify claims of Ebola disease; to collate all related research findings around the world on Ebola and advise government as may be appropriate on the matter.
Isolation & treatment centres
Speaking in Lagos, the state Commissioner for Health, Dr. Jide Idris, added that the state has established isolation and treatment centres to hospitalise the patients for strict surveillance.
“From our activities to stem the spread of Ebola virus in Nigeria, another patient has tested positive for the virus. The female doctor is one of the eight persons who were under critical surveillance and care for having contact with the late Liberian, Mr. Patrick Sawyer, who died after being infected by the virus.
“The state has established an isolation and treatment centre to hospitalise this patient. The staff at this Centre have also been trained on how to treat and handle the patients under their care. The hospital is also provided with enough facilities to ensure that the officials and other patients do not contact the virus.
“The patients under our surveillance were those who had personal contact with the late Liberian. And the Rapid Response Team, RRT, had been in communication with these patients who developed fever and other symptoms.
“We will not stop in tracking all those who had contact with the late Liberian. The contact remains in isolation until the confirmatory results are in and those who tested positive for the virus will remain in isolation until they are no longer infectious.”
Idris stated that the secondary cases were expected, given the nature of the contact with the affected people.
“This was because they were unaware of the patient’s status, until the management of the hospital informed the state government of the development.”
Patient is alive
Nasidi, when asked about the identity of the victim, declined to mention the name of the latest victim but confirmed it was a female doctor.
“We will not be able to release the name of the new contact but we know that the person is a doctor and a female.
“The patient is not dead. She is alive. Experts from the local and international organisations are attending to the patient. Of the eight that are under intensivesurveillance, tests are still ongoing on others.”

Appeal to NMA: The joint Federal and state medical team therefore, appealed to Nigeria Medical Association, NMA, to call off the ongoing nationwide strike in the interest of the general public.
“Given the state of the outbreak of Ebola virus in Lagos State, we are appealing to the Nigerian Medical Association, NMA who are on strike to please sheath their sword and call off their strike; join our team to fight this scourge.
“We will also welcome volunteer from the health profession and those who accept volunteer shall be given incentive. We also appeal to residents to support the government in fighting the scourge,” Idris stated.
Reactions: In a reaction to the development, a professor of Medicine and Former Direcor Human Resources West African Health Organisation, WAHO, Prof. Kayode Odusote, noted: “I’m concerned about anything that happens as a result because the man that came from Liberia and the trail of events. “We know the risk is there because of frequent travel and both the public and health workers must be prepared to pick up the first signs of this infection. Let us be prepared and not have a repeat of what happened in Liberia where there was denial at the beginning.
Odusote, this exemplifies what we have been saying that anybody that has contact with a victim must report to the quarantine unit at once. Don’t wait. What this means is that we have to be vigilant. The earlier the signs can be picked up, the better. Anyone who has had contact with Ebola victim and is exhibiting any of the signs should just quarantine himself of herself  so as not to put their family and the public in danger,” he affirmed
Also speaking,. National President Association of General and Private Medical Practitioners, AGPMPN, Dr. Anthony Omolola, stated that the development was a signal. “It is a signal that we have a challenge on our hands now knowing full well that the mortality with Ebola is as high as 90 percent.
“Government should put all its apparatus into ensuring that the disease does not spread in  Nigeria. And the political will must be doubled now. There must be serious enlightenment programme now about Ebola virus. The treatment itself and there must be a very serious campaign, jingles in different languages and different media. It should also be ensured that all contacts with the late Patrick Sawyer has to under serious surveillance to ensure that there are no further contacts.
Another Ebola suspect flown in: Another Ebola victim was yesterday allegedly brought in to Muritala Muhammed International Airport Lagos, from Ghana. The victim identified as   Mr Nwosu Nnaji was allegedly flown on aboard Arik Air flight from Ghana which landed at about 12.00 noon.
But   a top official of Arik Air who was contacted, but pleaded anonymity, said   the airline has stopped going to Ebola infested countries and that the airline could not have allowed   an Ebola victim to be on their flight. Efforts to speak with the General   Manager, Public Affairs,   Arik Air, Mr Ola Adebanji   failed as his mobile numbers were switched off.
A Port Health official at the Lagos when contacted to speak on the issue said all enquiries on Ebola should be directed to Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria, FAAN. But the Coordinating General Manager, Public Affairs , Aviation Parastatals, Mr. Yakubu Dati   did not   pick his calls when contacted.
Meawhile, death toll from the world’s worst Ebola outbreak had risen to 887 by August 1, while the total number of cases in the four West African countries affected stood at 1,603 on the same date, the World Health Organisation said on Monday.
Guinea has suffered the highest death toll with 358 fatalities out of 485 confirmed Ebola cases so far. Sierra Leone has had the largest number of cases, 646 overall, and 273 deaths, while Liberia has had 468 cases and 255 deaths.
Nigeria, the latest country to import the disease, has had four cases, of which three are classed as ‘probable’ Ebola and one as ‘suspected’, the Geneva-based agency said in a statement.
Courier companies

The case of Patrick Sawyer, an American who died shortly after flying from Liberia at Lagos airport via Togo and Ghana, is still classed as “probable”. The WHO previously said it had not managed to check his sample because courier companies had refused to transport it to the Institut Pasteur in Dakar.
The other two probable Ebola cases in Nigeria were a health-care worker and a Nigerian who had been to Guinea, WHO said.
Nigeria itself has reported only the cases of Sawyer and, on Monday, one of the doctors who treated him. International financial institutions are preparing funding packages for Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea hard hit by the deadly Ebola virus, development bank officials said on Monday as African leaders gathered for the first day of a U.S. summit.
African Development Bank President Donald Kaberuka told Reuters his institution would immediately disburse $50 million to the three countries where government resources and health systems are being stretched by the worst outbreak of the virus.
The World Bank is set to announce funding for each of the countries after approval by its board, bank officials said. “We’re putting together a substantial emergency package for the three countries and will announce it early this week,” a bank official said. The funding is part of a $100 million emergency response plan launched by the World Health Organization last week. WHO chief Margaret Chan has warned that Ebola was outpacing efforts to contain it and warned of “catastrophic” consequences if the situation deteriorated.
Sierra Leone and Liberia deployed troops on Monday under an emergency plan to fight the spread of the virus. The latest outbreak began in the forests of remote eastern Guinea in February. On Monday, Nigeria’s health minister reported a second case of Ebola in Lagos in a doctor who treated U.S. patient Patrick Sawyer, who died last month. The impact of the outbreak and assistance for affected countries to try to contain it will be discussed on the sidelines of the African Summit attended by nearly 50 African leaders, U.S. official said.(VANGUARD)

Nigerian female doctor tests positive to Ebola

ABUJA—The Federal Government has confirmed the first case of Ebola Virus Disease in a Nigerian medical doctor, who was among the people that had the first contact with Mr. Patrick Sawyer, the deceased Liberian and first confirmed Ebola victim in the country.

Late Sawyer, a consultant to the Liberian Finance Ministry was found to be infected with the virus when he arrived Lagos on July 20, 2014. He died in quarantine on July 25 and his body was later cremated.
Disclosing the development to newsmen in Abuja, yesterday, Minister of Health, Prof. Onyebuchi Chukwu said the new case was as a result of contact the said doctor had with Sawyer at the Lagos hospital, where the Liberian was admitted after he was brought in from the airport.

Friday, 1 August 2014

Ebola: Living in bondage

AKINGBOLA Adebiyi operates a first class boutique in Lagos. He specialises in hand-picked materials imported from neighbouring African countries and Europe. His boutique also boasts of original Italian clothes, suits, shoes and handbags.

His personal dress sense is mesmerising. He travels frequently across the world to pick clothing materials for his boutique but Akingbola is not too keen about travelling anywhere for now. Even the clothes he imported recently are still at the airport awaiting clearance. His delay in getting his goods cleared is not far-fetched.

Monday, 21 July 2014

nationwide doctors’ strike Is selfish, unethical, illegal — Nurses

LAGOS— AS the nationwide doctors’ strike continues to take its toll on healthcare services in public hospitals, the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria, PSN, has commended the Joint Health Sector Unions, JOHESU, and the Assembly of Health Professional Associations for dragging the Nigeria Medical Association, NMA, and its affiliates to court over the crisis in the health sector.

Meanwhile, the National Association of Nigeria Nurses and Midwives, NANNM, and the Nigerian Society of Physiotherapists have urged the striking doctors to return to work, just as doctors under the aegis of National Association General Medicine and Dental Practitioners, NAGMDP, Anambra State chapter, have commended efforts by Governor Willie Obiano to tackle the problems in the health sector in the state.

In a statement, weekend, President of the PSN, Mr Olumide Akintayo, said the NMA had perennially constituted itself into the law by declaring frequent unlawful strikes through which it illegitimately negotiates favourable conditions of service for its members while at the same time dictating what other health workers can earn.
Akintayo said: “For years on end we at PSN have always insisted that the NMA, National Association of Resident Doctors and Medical and Dental Consultants’ Association of Nigeria and other appendages are not trade unions and so cannot legally be said to have a locus standi in trade disputes.
“It is our strong affirmation that the JOHESU vs NMA matter at the National Industrial Court of Nigeria, NICN, has all the propensities to fundamentally resolve once and for all, so many contentious issues which have ravaged the health sector albeit retrogressively once and for all.”

It’s selfish, unethical, illegal —Nurses

In a related development, the National Association of Nigeria Nurses and Midwives has described the current strike action by the NMA as “selfish, unethical and illegal.”
NANNM, in a statement signed by its General Secretary, Yusuf-Badmus, advised the Federal Government to “stop all government employed doctors from establishing private clinics for the benefit of the citizens of this nation while still in government employment.”
The group advocated that all government health workers should ”have a unified salary scale to check and prevent unhealthy rivalry and end to the incessant strike action, that leaves the innocent patient to suffer.”
Also, the Nigerian Society of Physiotherapists urged the NMA to end the on-going strike and save lives of millions who have no means to fly abroad for medical treatment.
President of the Society, Mr. Taiwo Oyewumi, stated that the NMA should rescind its decision and listen to voice of reason as it concerns life.

Anambra doctors
laud Obiano

Meanwhile, doctors in Anambra State, under the aegis of NAGMDP, have given Governor Willie Obiano a pat on the back for efforts to tackle the problems in the health sector in the state, as contained in his blueprint.
State Chairman, NAGMDP, Dr. Joe Uyamadu, who disclosed this to newsmen in Onitsha, said Obiano’s blueprint was similar to their six-point demand that led to strike during former Governor Peter Obi’s regime, adding that with the way he is pursuing the blueprint vigorously, they would no longer contemplate going on strike in the state.(Vanguard)

Monday, 14 July 2014

Lagos govt. alert resident on Ebola virus,precautionary tips

LAGOS—Worried by the increasing cases of deaths from the outbreak of Ebola virus in some neighbouring West African countries, the Lagos state government, yesterday gave some precautionary measures to prevent the outbreak of the deadly virus in the state. Ebola virus is currently ravaging many communities in some West African countries like Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone among others. Commissioner for Health, Dr. Jide Idris, in a statement, said the measures became necessary with a view to preventing the outbreak of the disease in the State, listing the measures include; washing of hands often with soap and water, avoiding close contact with people who are sick and ensuring that objects used by the sick are decontaminated and properly disposed. He advised health workers to be at alert and ensure they always wore personal protective equipment as well as observed universal basic precautions when attending to suspected or confirmed cases, and report same to their Local Government Area or Ministry of Health immediately. Idris explained that “Ebola virus ds caused by the Ebola virus and outbreaks occur primarily in villages of the Central and West Africa. The virus can be spread through, close contact with the blood, body fluids, organ and tissues of infected animals; direct contact with blood, organ or body secretions of an infected person. The transmission of the virus by other animals like monkey and chimpanzee cannot be ruled out.” The Commissioner noted that those at the highest risk of the disease included health workers; and families or friends of an infected who could be infected in the course of feeding, holding and caring for them. He stressed that “Early symptoms of disease include fever, headache, chills, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, sore throat, backache, and joint pains. Later symptoms include bleeding from the eyes, ears and nose, bleeding from the mouth and rectum, eye swelling, swelling of the genitals and rashes all over the body that often contain blood. It could progress to coma, shock and death.” Idris noted that presently, there was no specific treatment for Ebola disease, stressing that infected persons would need to be admitted into the hospital for specialised care and treated in isolation.(Vanguard)

Thursday, 5 June 2014

Doctors resume today, threaten indefinite strike if Federal Government fail to meet demands.

As resident doctors in the various public hospitals across the nation return to their duty posts today, after a three-day nationwide warning strike, the aggrieved medical doctors have threatened to embark on an indefinite strike should the Federal Government fail to accede to their demands.
Doctor-strike1Meanwhile, doctors at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, LUTH, Idi-Araba, Lagos, are yet to resume, following what they described as the insensitivity of the hospital management to their various demands.
Yesterday in Lagos, the striking doctors made good their threat as services in most of the hospitals remained almost unavailable.

Monday, 19 May 2014

Many Dangers of late child bearing:Beware! Pregnancy after 35 years may put you at risk


Pregnancy in the body is a traumatic event especially if the body is aging. According to medical experts, there are certain problems more apt to occur when childbearing is delayed. Achieving pregnancy may be more difficult for many reasons.

Due to aging, which can affect a woman’s eggs, pregnancy after 35 carries a higher risk of having a baby with genetic abnormalities.

Saturday, 26 April 2014

Stop chloroquine,artesunate use FG warns Malaria patients

Nigerians have been advised against the use of chloroquine and artesunate for the treatment of malaria. Mrs Nnenna Ezeigwe, National Coordinator, National Malaria Control Programme, gave the advice in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria

(NAN) on Friday in Abuja. She, however, recommended that people should take only Artemisinin Combination Therapy (ACTs) when they test positive for malaria. “If your test result is positive, take only Artemisinin Combination Therapy (ACTs). Do not treat malaria with chloroquine, artesunate or other monotherapies.
“The ACT with green leaf is good quality and affordable; Ask for it,” she said. Contacted, Mrs Adeline Osakwe, Deputy Director, Pharmacovigilance, Food and Drugs Information Centre of the National Agency for Food and Administration and Control (NAFDAC), said the use of chloroquine and artesunate in Nigeria was being gradually phased out.
“Since 2005, the use of monotherapies such as artesunate and chloroquine had been discouraged in favour of Aretmisinin Combination Therapy (ACT) for uncomplicated malaria.
“These ACTs include Arthemeter/Lumenfantrine, Artesunate/Amodiaquine, and other registered ones.

Osakwe said that the monotherapies are gradually being phased out by not registering new ones and not renewing those that their licenses had expired.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) had placed a global ban on the use of chloroquine and artesunate in 2005. Speaking on the World Malaria Day celebration, Ezeigwe advised pregnant women to register early for ante-natal care in order to receive preventive treatment against the disease.
“Expectant mothers should demand for preventive treatment, ‘Intermittent Preventive Treatment in Pregnancy (IPTp)’ during ante-natal visits from 16 weeks of pregnancy,” she said.
She said that the Federal Government and Roll Back Malaria partners had over the last decade committed huge resources to ensure that malaria was brought under control.
She said that the efforts had led to a reduction in malaria prevalence by more than eight per cent, adding that much more needed to be done.

Ezeigwe called on the private sector, the media and the academia to play active roles in the fight against the malaria.


“It is only working together that we can end the needless suffering and deaths caused by malaria.

“Keep your environment clean and free of puddles, and always sleep inside long lasting insecticide treated nets.

“Wear protective clothing against mosquitoes when necessary, and always get tested before you treat for malaria,” she said.

Friday, 25 April 2014

FAO calls for preventive measure against destructive banana disease

The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) has called on countries to restrict movement of infected soil and planting materials into and out of farms, as the world’s most destructive banana diseases, Fusarium wilt TR4, is  spreading  from Asia to Africa and the Middle East.
The disease is soil-borne and the fungus can remain viable for decades.  Once the disease is present in a field, it cannot be fully controlled by currently available practices and fungicides. The best way to fight the disease is to prevent its spread, which includes avoiding movement of diseased plant materials and infected soil particles.
In its warning to countries on how to step up monitoring, reporting and prevention of the disease, FAO said the TR4 race of the disease, which is also known as Panama disease, is posing a serious threat to production and export of the popular fruit, with serious repercussions for the banana value chain and livelihoods.
Banana is the eighth most important food crop in the world and the fourth most important food crop among the world’s least-developed countries, according to FAOSTAT, the UN agency’s  data-gathering and analysis service.
“Any disease or constraint that affects bananas is striking at an important source of food, livelihoods, employment and government revenues in many tropical countries,” said Gianluca Gondolini, Secretary of the World Banana Forum.
“The spread of Fusarium wilt banana disease could have a significant impact on growers, traders and families who depend on the banana industry,” Fazil Dusunceli, a plant pathologist at FAO, said. “Countries need to act now if we are to avoid the worst-case scenario, which is massive destruction of much of the world’s banana crop,” said Dusunceli.
“We need to raise awareness of this threat, coordinate efforts among countries and institutions for effective implementation of appropriate quarantine measures, and also work with banana producers, traders, plantation employees and smallholder farmers to help to minimize the spread of the disease,” Dusunceli said.
He also highlighted the importance of research in better understanding the disease and developing alternative varieties that are disease resistant.
On its recommended action at country level, FAO advised that awareness level should be raised; adoption of appropriate risk assessment, surveillance and early warning systems; preventive measures, including quarantines, and the use of disease-free planting materials.
(VANGUARD)

Monday, 3 March 2014

Three Polio Workers abducted in Bauchi


Gunmen Sunday abducted three polio workers in  Darazo Local Government Area of Bauchi State.
The state Police Public Relations Officer (PPPRO), DSP Haruna Mohammed,  confirmed the incident.

He said the three polio workers abducted were two men and one woman, adding that a man and a woman were released and the police were making effort to secure the release of a victim who is the health officer of Darazo Local Government.

Haruna advised the people to remain calm and law abiding and promised that the police were working hard to secure his release.

Wednesday, 26 February 2014

5 great tips to staying young


Unfortunately, staying active is a lifestyle that we as a population have grown out of. But you can regain this commitment by following these five rules.

Break a sweat every day


Challenge yourself every day to participate in a physical activity that causes you to get out of breath or sweat. To change your body, you must train outside of your comfort zone. If you like your body the way it is, then don't stress it. But if you want to build strength, get a six-pack or lose fat, then work hard.

When exercising, you should not be able to carry on a conversation with your buddy. (Don't get me started on people reading a magazine on the treadmill.) Next time you're at the gym:

Increase your weights

Hit the incline on your treadmill or run hills
Add a plyometrics workout
Combine strength training with various rounds of conditioning; for example, perform a Overhead Shoulder Press, then sprint on a treadmill at nine mph on a six-inch incline for 30 seconds. Rest for 90 seconds and repeat four times.

Go back to grade school


You did it all when you were younger: jumped rope, climbed trees, went bike riding and ran sprints around the playground. You couldn't sit still long enough to stay at a desk or computer like you do now.

Become more active. Go for a walk or jog in the morning before starting your day. Join a group fitness class, recreational league, swim club, ski or bowling team.

Use what you have


Look around and take a quick inventory of what's available to exercise with. Do you have a bike, rope, old tires to flip, chains to pull, balls to throw, boxes to jump on or paint cans to carry? If you have some of this stuff and a creative mind, you can put together a great workout. You don't need a expensive gym membership to look expensive.

Eat clean


By eating as clean as you can, you'll automatically avoid foods loaded with sugar, trans fat, and saturated fat. Eat foods that display a variety of colors more frequently, and keep everything in moderation. Plan time to go to the grocery store so you are not rushed. Also, plan your weekly meals ahead of time.

Rest as hard as you work


There's a fine line between the amount of work you do and the rest that you allow yourself. Rest can take the form of physical rest, or, for most of us, mental rest. Exercising, deep breathing, and vacations will take care of your mental rest. If you feel physically exhausted, try switching up your workout routine or take a week off. You will come back fresh and ready to do more.(SOURCE: CLICK HERE TO SEE VIDEO)

Monday, 24 February 2014

‘Nigerians living in oil areas more prone to stroke, others’

A GLOOMY picture of the health conditions of Nigerians living in the oil producing and Delta regions of the country has been painted as they are said to be more prone to stroke, heart failure and cancer.

  Meanwhile, Minister of Health, Prof. Onyebuchi Chukwu, at the weekend urged the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control to take its mandate of preventing and discovering cure for some deadly diseases very seriously.

  In a related development, the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) yesterday appealed for $2.2 billion (N374 billion) to enable it provide life-saving humanitarian assistance in 2014 to 85 million people, including 59 million children who are facing conflict, natural disasters and other complex emergencies in 50 countries.

  Two new studies published last week in Science have shown how products of petroleum/oil spills, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs - a class of compounds prevalent in crude oil - can disrupt cardiac function by blocking ion channels in their heart muscle cells; and how changes in environmental temperature and dew point can cause rise in stroke hospitalisation and death rates.

  Earlier studies by Nigerian researchers led by Dr. Chimezie Anyakora of the Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, had shown that more Nigerians are at a greater risk of developing different types of cancer due to exposure to crude oil pollutants.

  According to the studies, more than 25 per cent of Nigerians are at an increased risk of developing cancer due to exposure to toxic chemicals from crude oil pollution, PAHs. They also suggest that PAHs can be genotoxic; that is, the damage caused can be inherited.

  PAHs are a widespread class of environmental chemical pollutants. They are a component of crude and refined petroleum and coal.

  Scientists in one of the two new studies have discovered the underlying mechanism of heart failure in fish exposed to oil spills.

  Researchers from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries and Stanford University, United States (U.S.), found that some petroleum compounds act as ion channel blockers in the heart cells of young tuna, disrupting normal cardiac function.

  Recently, researchers from NOAA Fisheries partnered with a team from Stanford University to discover how oil-derived chemicals disrupt the normal functioning of the heart muscle cells of fish.

  The new findings are part of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment conducted by NOAA and other federal and state trustee agencies following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. That spill occurred across a large region where the Western stock of Atlantic bluefin tuna spawn, raising the possibility that the eggs and larvae of this valuable species were exposed to crude oil. Natural Resource Damage Assessments are used to determine liabilities after a spill and to help develop restoration plans.

  Also, the second study presented at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2014 identified a nationwide sample of 134,510 people, 18 years and older, admitted to hospitals in 2009-10 for ischemic stroke (caused by a blood clot that blocks blood flow in or leading to the brain). They then obtained temperature and dew point data during that period.

  The researchers found:

• Larger daily temperature changes and higher average dew point (indicating higher air moisture) were associated with higher stroke hospitalisation rates.

• Lower average yearly temperatures were associated with stroke hospitalisation and death.

• With each 1°F increase in average temperature, there was a 0.86 per cent decrease in the odds of stroke hospitalisation and a 1.1 per cent decrease in the odds of dying in the hospital after stroke.

• Increases in daily temperature fluctuation and average dew point were associated with increased odds of stroke hospitalisation, but not with dying in the hospital.

  The minister was in Benin City to commission a mobile laboratory for the diagnosis of Lassa fever donated by Bernhard Notch Institute of Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.

  Chukwu said Lassa fever was one of the identified diseases the centre was mandated to work on, saying: “So for me, we need to enhance our surveillance and control as far as these diseases are concerned. In the case of Lassa fever, we lost doctors, we lost nurses and relatives of doctors and nurses from this dreadful disease, so I want us to be a bit more practical about what we are doing on Lassa fever and that is why I want to commend EU and Bernhard Notch Institute of Tropical Medicine for the donation of mobile laboratory for the diagnosis of Lassa fever, but we need to do more.

  UNICEF’s Director of Emergency Programmes, Ted Chaiban, yesterday at the launch of the Humanitarian Action for Children 2014 appeal in Geneva, Switzerland, said: “I have just returned from South Sudan, the latest large-scale conflict to disrupt the lives of millions of innocent children. Over 400,000 children and their families have been displaced by the conflict, and over 3.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. The rainy season is coming and we need to intensify supplies and reinforce essential services, for which we need urgent funding to prevent a catastrophe.

    “The children of South Sudan join millions of others affected by conflict in the Central African Republic and Syria. But while today’s headlines focus on these complex, under-funded crises, many other desperate situations also require immediate funding and urgent humanitarian assistance. These include Afghanistan, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Myanmar, Somalia and Yemen, and other countries reflected in UNICEF’s appeal.”

  UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children 2014 appeal highlights the daily challenges faced by children in humanitarian crises, the support required to help them survive and thrive, and the results that are possible even in the most difficult circumstances.

  For Syria and the sub-region, UNICEF is appealing for $835 million (N141.9 billion) to enable it deliver life-saving assistance including immunisation, water and sanitation, education, and protection; and to support the social cohesion and peace-building skills needed to build a more sustainable future.

  Chaiban said: “Children are always the most vulnerable group in emergencies, facing a high risk of violence, exploitation, disease and neglect.

  “But when support is made available, we can change the lives of children for the better. With its partners, UNICEF is working to address a diverse range of humanitarian situations, including malnutrition in the Sahel; lack of safe drinking water and adequate sanitation in Yemen; cholera in Haiti; increased attacks on children in Afghanistan; and drought in Angola.”

  Funds raised by the appeal will also help UNICEF in its work with its partners to strengthen communities’ abilities to cope with future conflict or natural disaster shocks by reinforcing national preparedness systems and developing resilience among children and communities.


SOURCE; Guardian news